BLACK ESQUIRE Library
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Black Esquire Case Summaries
Our library is full of instrumental U.S. Supreme Court cases that have had a significant effect on the Black and minority community throughout history. Read and learn!
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Supreme Court of the United States Cases By Year
This case was also decided with Patterson v. Alabama and Weems v. Alabama which overturned some of the convictions of the “Scottsboro Boys” by declaring it a violation of the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to deny them the right to adequate counsel.
Black students were denied admittance to public schools in Delaware, Kansas, South Carolina, Virginia, and Washington D.C. The Supreme Court overruled the Plessy v. Ferguson “separate but equal” doctrine, and declared that public school segregation was in violation of the Equal Protection Clause of the U.S. Constitution.
The Civil Rights Act of 1964:
The Supreme Court upheld the Civil Rights Act of 1964 as valid under the Commerce Clause.
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., looks on as President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
The Heart of Atlanta Motel refused to accommodate blacks in their motel. This case challenged the constitutionality of Title II of the Civil Rights Act, by denying the voice of their customers. The court ruled that the motel could not discriminate on the basis of race.
In this case, the University of California Medical School reserved a set number of seats for minority candidates. This case declared the use of race-based factors for higher education admissions as unconstitutional in cases where race was used as a quota to admit more diverse students.
This case involved the admission practices of the University of Michigan Law School. The Supreme Court here ruled that the university’s use of race as a factor in their admission practice was fine, because there was a “compelling interest in achieving diversity among its student body.”
Initially decided as Fisher v. University of Texas, 570 US _ (2013) , this case was remanded back to the lower court to apply the proper standard of strict scrutiny. The Supreme Court ultimately ruled that the University of Texas’s use of race in their admission criteria did not violate the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment because the school’s process was “narrowly tailored” to achieve a compelling state interest of a diverse student body.